- Pablo Picasso Málaga, Spain, 1881 - Mougins, France, 1973
Date: 1937 (May 1st-June 4th, Paris)
Technique: Oil on canvas
Dimensions: 349,3 x 776,6 cm
Entry date: 1992
Observations: The government of the Spanish Republic acquired the mural "Guernica" from Picasso in 1937. When World War II broke out, the artist decided that the painting should remain in the custody of New York's Museum of Modern Art for safekeeping until the conflict ended. In 1958 Picasso extended the loan of the painting to MoMA for an indefinite period, until such time that democracy had been restored in Spain. The work finally returned to this country in 1981.
Register number: DE00050
On display in: Room 206.06, Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid
At this point it should be remembered that two years earlier, in 1935, Picasso had done the etching Minotauromaquia, a synthetic work condensing into a single image all the symbols of his cycle dedicated to the mythological creature, which stands as Guernica’s most direct relative. Incidents in Picasso’s private life and the political events afflicting Europe between the wars fused together in the motifs the painter was using at the time, resulting both in Guernica itself and all the studies and ‘postscripts’, regarded as among the most representative works of art of the 20th century.
Paloma Esteban Leal