Tuesday, May 23, 2017
Sunday, May 21, 2017
This short film is dedicated to all people who believe in peaceful expansion of our borders.
In the year 1957 the cold war expands to space. The Soviet Union sends Sputnik as the first man-made object into Earth orbit.
Three years later Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man in space. The so-called "Space Race" seems to be decided.
But in 1961, President Kennedy promised to send American astronauts to the Moon.
The Apollo Project was born. A space ship had to be built that is strong enough to escape Earth's gravitation, land on the moon and bring the crew safely back to our planet.
Digital motion designer Christian Stangl worked with his brother and composer Wolfgang for 18 months on this short film. The foundation were thousands original NASA photographs, taken by the astronauts during the Apollo missions, which were released in September 2015. It is an animated collage using different techniques to bring the stills to life. Amazing to watch!
Wednesday, May 17, 2017
- Someone wants [doesn't want] /tells/asks someone else to do something: Pedro's mother often wants him to help with the housework. NOT … wants *that he helps … Our teacher has asked us to hand in a composition next week. Maria doesn't want anybody to know her secret recipe.
- VERB PATTERNS: look forward to + GER: I look forward to visiting you in Paris next month. be interested in + GER: She is interested in learning about Japanese culture. plan to + INF: We are planning to spend two weeks in the jungle.
- COMPOUND ADJECTIVES. Remember that all the words that form a compound are always singular and hyphenated: a ten-week course; a 10-metre-long motor home; a three-year-old kid; a coffee-producing country; an up-to-date review
- QUESTION FORMING STRUCTURE (Q)ASI[+P]: Can he swim? ASI (Auxiliary + Subject + Infinitive); Where does he live? QASI (Question word + Auxiliary + Subject + Infinitive); What company do you work for? QASIP (Question word + Auxiliary + Subject + Infinitive + Preposition)
- [be/have] fun ≠ [be] funny: An activity (a party, a trip, a class) can be fun, but a joke, a book or a film may be funny! I had such fun that I didn't want to leave that school. Julia's party last night was lots of fun. We had lots of fun at Jane's wedding. Woody Allen's films are usually very funny. The trip was great fun. NOT *very fun
- it takes someone time to do something: It was really embarrassing because it took me ages to find the ringing phone in my bag! It usually takes me a long time to make new friends.
- Someone finds/doesn't find it difficult/easy/boring/embarrassing to do something: Paula finds it embarrassing to discuss safe sex with her parents. Optimistic people find it easy to make new friends, while anxious people find it difficult to trust others.
- Giving an opinion: Someone finds + Noun/Gerund + Adjective: I find noisy neighbors annoying. Paul finds shopping centers the most boring place in the world. I find swimming in deep waters frightening. Shauna finds Mozart's music relaxing, but she finds listening to heavy metal boring. Many people find reality TVpathetic.
- To link two negative ideas or facts we can use two structures: ... not + VERB [+OBJECT] + and ... not + VERB [+OBJECT] + either: Susan is a vegetarian, so she doesn't eat meat and she doesn't eat fish either. Peter had to change flats because his flatmates didn't do the cleaning and they didn't buy their own food either. Or we can also use the simpler structure: ... not ... or... : When I was a teenager, I couldn't see my friends or go out because I had to do lots of homework.
- look ≠ look like: look + ADJECTIVE, looks like + NOUN or PRONOUN. The woman in the photo looks happy. NOT … she looks *like happy. The man sitting on the floor looks like Gustavo, my neighbor next door.
- Someone feels/doesn't feel like doing something: --Hey, John, do you feel like going out tonight? --Not really, I feel like staying in. It is pouring with rain outside!
- Someone agrees or disagrees with something or someone: Susan disagrees with her professor about marriage. OR Someone agrees that...: I agree that marriage is a thing of the past. NOT I *am agree …
- To express that a situation has ceased to exist we use the structures: … NEGATIVE VERB … any more/any longer: Susan was not in love with Peter any more, so they split up. I didn't have to go to the market any more; or AFFIRMATIVE VERB … no longer: English is no longer the property of the British, Americans or Australians.
- To express preference on a particular occasion we use the structures I'd rather + INFinitive, or I'd rather not + INF: - Let's go out tonight. - I'd rather not go out on such a cold night. I'd rather watch a film on TV instead.
- To refer to another person, thing or place, without saying which one, we use the expressions someone/something/somewhere else in the affirmative, or anybody/anything/anywhere else in negative or interrogative sentences: I am not very fond of that fast food place. Let's go somewhere else for dinner tonight! Would you like to order anything else, sir? NOT … order *another thing. Also, we can use "else" after some question words: What else do you know about Elvis Presley?
- To give advice we use one of the following structures: You should/shouldn't + INF; I (don't) think you should + INF; If I were you, I'd + INF; Why don't you + INF?; What about + GER?
- Expressing a negative opinion or option: I don't think getting promoted is stressful. NOT *I think getting promoted isn't stressful. I don't think you should buy that watch; it's too expensive.
- Expressing the first time someone has done something: This is the first operation I have ever had. NOT … *the first operation I have! This is the first time I've seen the film Blade Runner.
- INFinitive of personal purpose versus GERund of utility: I went to the shop to buy some pens. BUT This pen is for writing, not for drawing.
- To express a progressive increase we use a double comparative: More and more people now talk about English as an international language. More and more, people are using the internet for business, education, shopping and even to make friends.
Monday, May 15, 2017
THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION YEAR of 2016 reaped all kinds of misfortunes, not the least of which was a steady string of celebrity deaths. Many of the high-profile musician deaths among them ranged from the sad but unsurprising (David Bowie, Leonard Cohen, Glenn Frey) to the completely unexpected, namely the loss of two titans in the music world: Prince, age 57, and George Michael, who was four years Prince’s junior.
Adding to the strangeness of it all was that Michael—the Grammy-Award-winning singer-songwriter who sold more than 100 million albums over a thirty-year career and cofounded the British pop duo Wham!—died on Christmas Day, only bolstering the popularity of the only New Wave holiday song to remain on the airwaves: “Last Christmas,” from 1984. The fact that Michael and band-mate Andrew Ridgeley donated all of the single’s proceeds to the famine in Ethiopia at the time is an early indication of Michael’s philanthropic commitments. News reports after his death revealed that Michael, whose net worth (as of 2002) was an estimated £210 million, routinely volunteered at a soup kitchen in England and asked that people not make a fuss over his presence there. Michael’s boyfriend, Fadi Fawaz, discovered him dead in his home in the Oxfordshire village of Goring-on-Thames. “I will never stop missing you,” Fawaz later tweeted.
Born to a Greek Cypriot immigrant father in north London in the early 1960s, George Michael entered the world as the younger brother of sisters Yioda and Melanie and, years later, in desperate need of an Anglicized stage name. His birth certificate reads “Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou, DOB: June 25, 1963.” Stating his full name in an interview, he added, “To the outside world I am, and always will be, known as something else. But it’s not my name.” In keeping with this defiance, Georgios/George would go on to push the limits of normative sexuality and become a trailblazer for out gay male artists. Biographer Rob Jovanovic comments that his birth came at an anguished time, since his maternal uncle, who was probably gay, had committed suicide by putting his head in a gas oven. Michael wouldn’t learn of this loss until he was a teenager. He speculates that his mother anguished over his sexual orientation because of her brother’s fate. “It’s a tragic story,” he later said of his uncle, and proof of “how much more difficult it must have been as a gay man in the 1950s.”
Around 1970, meanwhile, the Panayiotou family (renamed Panos) moved to Burnt Oak, Edgware, close to the restaurant his father owned and operated, where Georgios began violin lessons and later took to the drums. A pivotal moment came in the fall of 1975 when, beginning school at Bushey Meads School in Hertfordshire, he was seated next to an eleven-year-old Andrew Ridgeley (also in green blazer and tie) and began a lifelong friendship and collaboration that would be later be known as Wham!
By 1981, when Ridgeley had relocated to South London and was living the starving artist’s life, Michael (who still went by the surname Panos) had already come up with the melody for the hit “Careless Whisper,” which his older sister (always on hand to cut him down to size), had dubbed “Tuneless Whisper.” To become famous, he and Ridgeley would have to generate new songs and revise their whispery ballad, and the pair was determined to do just that. In the summer of 1982, Wham! got off to a wobbly start with the semi-rap single, “Wham Rap! (Enjoy What You Do?),” which was reminiscent of Blondie’s “Rapture” and that spoken bit about “Fab Five Freddy” and “eating cars.” But Wham! recovered quickly with “Young Guns (Go for It!)” and an appearance on BBC1’s show, which sent the single soaring. Soon thereafter, Michael began breaking away from Ridgeley with his first solo song, “Bad Boys.” And while their debut album remained in the Top 100 for two years, Michael decided that “Careless Whisper” would be a solo single, so he flew to Miami on a big budget allocated by Epic Records to make the music video. Unhappy with the look of his hair, which his sister had styled for him, in the first cut, he insisted that the video be entirely reshot.
Wham!’s second album, (1984)—hailed by Rolling Stone as an “almost flawless pop record”—elevated the duo to the ranks of Duran Duran and The Human League. Emblematic of the uplifting and synthesized sound of the 1980s were songs like “Everything She Wants” and “Wake Me Up Before You Go Go.” The latter had been inspired by a note Ridgeley had written to his parents that read “Wake me up up,” to which Michael teasingly added “before you go go.” Calling themselves Wham!, they were one of the few bands (among them Danny Elfman’s Oingo Boingo) with an onomatopoetic name, and it even boasted the exclamation point that the pair loved to slap on their song titles. Their most popular songs, especially the back-to-back number one hits (the first to reach such heights since the Beatles), lived up the hype of Wham!’s name. Michael and Ridgeley became the first Western act to play in Communist China.
A musician’s solo career is ideally one in which they retain the fans of their erstwhile band, building on but reinventing the earlier sound and expanding the fan base to reach the rhyming sweet spot of show business: fame and acclaim. Michael accomplished all of this, dissolving Wham! amicably in 1986 with the ambition, later described in his own words, to “set myself the challenge of getting up there on the American level with Madonna and Jackson, that circle of people—that was my goal.” He reached that goal with his debut album Faith, which included a title song that pushed into new acoustic territory. (The queer afterlife of the song “Faith” can be found in the 2002 film The Rules of Attraction, in which two boyfriends jump on a hotel bed in the buff while lip-synching the tune.) Aside from Peter Gabriel’s “Shock the Monkey,” Michael’s “Monkey” is the greatest simian song of the era that, with a cheeky sense of humor, asks “Why can’t you do it?/ Why can’t you set your monkey free?” He could be addressing either the Wicked Witch of the West or a lover who can’t free himself of his personal demons.
The album Faith would announce many of the themes that unify Michael’s solo career: faith, love, patience, and, as is par for the course of pop superstardom, sex. It was the last of these that generated his most notorious single (released only months after his duet with Aretha Franklin), “I Want Your Sex.” For all the press it received, it was not the strongest entry into the pop charts due to a sleazy beat and awkward lines that sound like a parent giving his kid “the talk”: “Sex is natural/ Sex is fun/ Sex is best when it’s one on one.” Despite the fact that it celebrated monogamy, the song (aided by a steamy video with Michael’s then girlfriend Kathy Jeung) didn’t fail to generate controversy: deejay Casey Kasem refused to utter the song’s title on his national broadcast, saying instead “George Michael’s latest hit is up five notches this week,” and many radio outlets censored the song by replacing the “s” word with the four letter word “love.”
Having peaked in the late 1980s, Michael followed the likes of Jackson, Boy George—and, we now know, Prince—by dissolving into substance abuse and fodder for the tabloids. The year 1998 proved that Michael was pursuing new kinds of public exposure. He was arrested in Will Rogers Park in Los Angeles for cruising a bathroom and exposing himself to an undercover policeman on so-called “potty patrol.” Michael, who was essentially entrapped by the Beverly Hills PD, would later tell MTV, “It was a stupid thing to do, but I’ve never been able to turn down a free meal.” He then transformed the embarrassment into an up-tempo song called “Outside” that satirized the incident. In it, he celebrated sex al fresco and gave new meaning to his cover of Elton John’s “Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me,” which had sailed to the number one spot on the UK and American charts seven years before. More importantly, the incident forced the artist to confront what he had known since he was 26 but had kept secret. Back in England, he referenced his mother’s death as a factor in his depressed state of mind and told talk-show host Michael Parkinson: “The day I knew I was gay was when I knew I was in love with a man. … [T]he press knew I was gay, but until they could get something nasty, they were playing the game.”
When the game ended, George Michael’s career grew even more interesting in its emotional intensity. A song like “Amazing” is proof that he never abandoned his faith in love’s power to redeem—“I never thought my savior would come”—but it’s found on his fifth and final solo album, 2004’s Patience, when his best days were already behind him. A vocalist with astounding flexibility, Michael could hold his ground when sharing the microphone with the likes of Elton John, who revered Michael’s songwriting skills, and Aretha Franklin (on 1987’s “I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)”), which provided the Queen of Soul with her first number one song in the UK. Michael acted as a bridge between the thoroughly closeted acts like Liberace and Freddy Mercury, whose flamboyance he appropriated and honored (he stole the show at an AIDS fundraiser and tribute to Mercury after the Queen frontman’s death in 1991) and fully out acts like Adam Lambert and Rufus Wainwright (whose indictment of American exceptionalism, “Going to a Town,” George Michael covered on 2014’s Symphonica). Rivaled only by Diana Ross’s “I’m Coming Out,” “Freedom! 90” has become a coming-out anthem in the GLBT community.
What will be Michael’s legacy? Thematically, the song “Faith” is a great complement to the Madonna classic, “Like a Prayer” (minus the burning crosses); it, too, blended spirituality and sexuality in irreverent ways that outraged and obsessed mainstream America. Michael’s “Faith” (released two years before Madonna’s hit song) opens with a church organ, then the randy lyric: “Well I guess it would be nice if I could touch your body/ I know not everybody has a body like you.” In addition to the gospel choirs on the song “As,” there’s a bossa nova tune called “Jesus to a Child,” reportedly written for Michael’s lover Anselmo Feleppa who died of AIDS in 1993. After Michael’s death, the founder of ChildLine disclosed that Michael had contributed all of the song’s royalties to her charity.
To millions of fans, George Michael will remain the “father figure” of which he sang with a blend of lust and longing, and for that, we can collectively say: Wham, bam, thank you, Georgios Panayiotou—or, as you will be forever loved and remembered—George Michael.
By Colin Carman, The Gay and Lesbian Review, March 2017
Saturday, May 13, 2017
Friday, May 12, 2017
Studies have shown that people perform better when they have written down what they need to do. What makes the to-do list such an effective productivity tool? By LOUISE CHUNN
Almost everyone struggles with getting stuff done. But some of us struggle with the stage before that: just figuring out what it is we need to do. The to-do list is, in theory, the answer. It’s a time-honoured system that’s beautiful in its simplicity: work out what needs to be done and in what order, write down the tasks, do them, and then, one-by-one, cross them out.
Psychologist and author Dr David Cohen believes his struggle to stay organised is helped, but not entirely solved, by his to-do lists, which must be on paper – preferably in a diary – and need to be constantly monitored. “My family think I’m chaotic,” he says, “but I would be much more so without my lists – they’ve kept me in line for years.”
Cohen puts our love of to-do lists down to three reasons: they dampen anxiety about the chaos of life; they give us a structure, a plan that we can stick to; and they are proof of what we have achieved that day, week or month.
In less harried days, our memories might have done the work. Russian psychologist Bluma Zeigarnik was perhaps the first to note the brain’s obsession with pressing tasks. The so-called “Zeigarnik effect” – that we remember things we need to do better than things we’ve done – stemmed from observing that waiters could only recall diners’ orders before they had been served. After the dishes had been delivered, their memories simply erased who’d had the steak and who’d had the soup. The deed was done and the brain was ready to let go.
More recently, a study by professors Baumeister and Masicampo from Wake Forest University showed that, while tasks we haven’t done distract us, just making a plan to get them done can free us from this anxiety. The pair observed that people underperform on a task when they are unable to finish a warm-up activity that would usually precede it. However, when participants were allowed to make and note down concrete plans to finish the warm-up activity, performance on the next task substantially improved. As Bechman notes: “Simply writing the tasks down will make you more effective.”
Some people resist this kind of structure, however. They think it will stymie their creativity or prevent them from being flexible with their working day. For time management expert David Allen – whose book Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Productivity has made him a cult figure in the field –these free-spirited types are plain wrong. He believes anyone with a full schedule and no structure will struggle to cope. A system is needed – and scribbled notes on hands won’t cut it.
It’s not enough to scrawl “bank” or “Mum” on a Post-it note, says Allen – you need more detail. Is it an email, a visit or a phone call, and for what purpose? If your to-do list isn’t clear and to the point, your tasks probably won’t get done – and they certainly won’t be prioritised.
Detail isn’t the only important factor, however: you also need to be realistic about how long things will take if you want to construct a workable timetable for the day. That means factoring in the potential for floating off onto social media or other distractions if you know you’re susceptible.
One trap people fall into is to consistently avoid tackling the larger, more major projects. The best way to overcome this is to break them down into much smaller, achievable blocks. “Write my novel” is a pretty foreboding task; “outline first chapter of my novel” is far friendlier and stands a chance of getting done.
Does Cohen finish everything on his lists? “Oh God no! I found an old diary the other day from six years ago, and there was something in there that I still haven’t done.” On the other hand, he has written 35 books – on subjects ranging from body language to Sigmund Freud’s cocaine use – so his to-do lists are yielding pretty impressive results. (The Guardian, 10.05.17)
Thursday, May 11, 2017
|Interrailers from Algeciras en route from Bruges to Antwerpen.|
Europe's modern rail network makes train travel easy, comfortable, efficient and environmentally-friendly. With an InterRail Pass you have the freedom to travel wherever you want in and between all of 30 participating European countries for a certain period of time. The main exception is that high-speed trains and night trains often require a paid seat reservation. Step on board the train with your buddies and discover Europe's secrets.
Here are 7 Interrail tips to fall in love with train travel in Europe, plus 10 cheap backpacking tips. You can easily book accommodation at Youth Hostels around the continent. Bon voyage!
Related article: Cómo viajar de Lisboa a Atenas en tren de la forma más barata