Tuesday, January 31, 2017

Lo que la escuela enseña la televisión lo destruye

En opinión del escritor Luis Landero (Alburquerque, Badajoz, 1948), la televisión y las nuevas tecnologías están en la trinchera opuesta a la enseñanza: “Es un fenómeno que yo viví a pie de obra. Cuando empecé a dar clase, en 1978, había mucha paz en los institutos, pero la enseñanza se ha ido deteriorando. Ahora la lectura tiene tanta competencia... ¿cómo va a hacer nadie el esfuerzo de leer? No sabemos cómo serán de mayores los nativos digitales que crecen con Internet y al que dedican mucho tiempo, tiempo que no van a dedicar a la lectura. ¿Cómo le vas a decir a un niño que coma legumbres cuando puede comer chuches? Porque el WhatsApp y las redes sociales son chuches, juguetes, las chuches de la información. No cuestan ningún trabajo. Sin embargo, formarte culturalmente requiere un plan y un esfuerzo, lleva un tiempo”.

También para hablar del contenido de la educación recurre Landero a su experiencia a pie de obra. Todo cambió, dice, cuando llegaron a la tele los reality shows: “A los niños los educan los colegios, pero también la sociedad. Yo recuerdo muy bien cuándo aparecieron los reality shows. A partir de entonces empezaron a cambiar los referentes de los alumnos, que pasaron a ser el consumo, el dinero fácil, la fiesta continua, la fama. Hoy, lo que la escuela enseña la televisión lo niega, lo escarnece y lo destruye. Sociedad y escuela ya no forman un todo”.

Friday, January 27, 2017


American graphic artist Shepard Fairey, who created the iconic “Hope” posters of outgoing US President Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election, is recreating his street art campaign of hope for the inauguration of President-elect Donald Trump to “disrupt the rising tide of hate and fear in America.”
But the new campaign, dubbed as “We the People,” does not feature the face of the celebrity businessman turned politician, but instead banners the faces of ordinary and diverse set of people who were the subject of Trump’s discriminatory attacks in the campaign trail.
This time, the posters feature the faces of the marginalized, including a Muslim woman, a Latina woman, and an African-American kid, with the texts: “We the People Defend Dignity,” “We the People Protect Each Other,” “We the People are Greater than Fear.”

Monday, January 23, 2017

Frost on Mars

This animated gif shows the build up of frosts in a 73 x 41 km section of the north polar ice cap of Mars between November and December 2004.
 The images were taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera on ESA’s Mars Express during its first year at the Red Planet. It has been orbiting Mars for over 13 years.

The north polar icecap comprises layers of water-ice that extend to a depth of around 2 km. The layers result from seasonal melting and deposition of ice mixed with dust.
 During winter the water-ice is covered by a thin layer of carbon dioxide ice that is a few centimetres to around a metre thick.
 During the warmer summer months, most of the carbon dioxide ice turns directly into vapour and escapes into the atmosphere, leaving behind the water-ice layers.

Sunday, January 22, 2017

A Man-baby in the White House


When your average Spaniard suffers one of their usual attacks of indignation the first phrase that tends to come out of their mouth is: “¡No es normal!” (“This is not normal!”), followed with repetitive emphasis by a: “¡Esto no es normal, joder!” (“This is not bloody normal!”). The expression, odd given that it is based on a notion of unanimity around what constitutes normality, is not heard so much in other Spanish-speaking countries, nor, as far as I know, in other languages.

But perhaps the time has come for it to be incorporated into English, especially in the United States. The rise of Donald Trump to the White House is the least normal thing that has happened in the history of that country. Perhaps it is the least normal thing that has happened in a democracy, or in a supposedly mature democracy, in the history of humanity.
Caligula attained the summit power in Ancient Rome, sure enough; as did Idi Amin in Uganda, General Galtieri in Argentina, or Stroessner in Paraguay. The difference is that Trump was elected commander-in-chief by the free will of the people.
Perhaps this is the least normal thing that has happened in a democracy in the history of humanity
What is abnormal here is not so much the opinions or policies that Trump proposes. The most abnormal thing about his arrival at the White House is not his admiration for Vladimir “The Russians have the best prostitutes in the world” Putin, or his contempt for NATO or the European Union, or his hostility toward China, or that he will be surrounding himself in the Oval Office with advisors who have emerged from the rankest depths of the American right, or his stated wish to build a wall along the border with Mexico, or to rip up the nuclear deal with Iran, or to destroy the public healthcare system in his country.
The most abnormal thing is his character; that the richest, most powerful and most influential nation on the planet is going to have as its president a “man baby,” as he was defined with terrifying lucidity by the US political humorist Jon Stewart. Trump is a 70-year-old man with the emotional development of, well, perhaps not a newborn baby, but certainly a spoiled elementary school brat.
For many years I have followed presidential politics in the United States with interest. I recall my disappointment when Richard Nixon came to power; my sense of the absurd when he was replaced by Gerald Ford, a man who, they used to say, “can’t walk and chew gum at the same time”; my anger when the mediocre actor Ronald Reagan won two elections; my disappointment when George Bush Senior took over from him, and my horror when Bush Junior was reelected in 2004, after the invasion of Iraq.
Trump is a crybaby with an ego that is at once huge and fragile, like a giant porcelain egg
But the election of Donald Trump is of a different order of things. Ford, Reagan and the Bushes – and even Nixon, until his downfall – were characters who, at least in public, behaved with the seriousness and dignity that the presidential office demands. I disagreed with them on nearly everything, and I would get in a bad mood when I saw them on television, but I didn’t feel that they were fundamentally frivolous or immature people; I wasn’t frightened by the knowledge that they had their fingers on the nuclear button.
Now, as the most conservative columnist at The New York Times, David Brooks, wrote this week, Americans “have crowned a fool king.” I would go further than that. Trump is a sick man. Looking at his messages on Twitter and hearing the statements he has made not just in the cynical frenzy of the campaign trail, but also since he defeated Hillary Clinton in November, the only possible conclusion is that he presents a classic case of narcissistic personality disorder.
He is a crybaby with an ego that is at once huge and fragile, like a giant porcelain egg. The adult virtue of empathy is unknown to him. As his chronic twiterrhea suggests, he has a need – one that is as desperate as it is infantile – to always be the center of attention. The criteria of Trump, the troll-in-chief, to judge people boils down to whether they speak well or badly of him; thus, Meryl Streep is an “overrated actress,” Hillary Clinton deserves to go to jail and Putin is a great leader, a far better one than Barack Obama.
The Trump presidency will be Donald in Wonderland. Like Lewis Carroll’s Alice, we have gone through the looking glass and entered a twilight dimension. But Trump will not be playing the role of the sensible Alice so much as that of the Mad Hatter. It’s still hard to believe, but in just a few hours, Donald Trump will be the president of the United States in the real, normal world. El Pais in English, 20.01.17

Sunday, January 15, 2017

10 Most Powerful and Creative Environmental Ads

1. Don’t Buy Exotic Animal Souvenirs.

Don’t Buy Exotic Animal Souvenirs
Advertising Agency: LOWE GGK, Poland

2. Do Something,  Before It’s Too Late.

Before It's too Late
Advertising Agency: TBWA\PARIS, France

3. Plastic Bags Kill

Plastic Bags Kill
Advertising Agency: BBDO Malaysia/ Advertising Agency: Duval Guillaume, Belgium

4. Every Minute a Species Dies Out

Every 60 Seconds a Species Dies Out
Advertising Agency: Scholz & Friends, Germany

5. If You Don’t Pick It Up They Will

If you don't pick up, they will
Advertising Agency: TBWA\Hunt\Lascaris, South Africa

6. Air Pollution Kills 60,000 People A Year

Air Pollution Kills 600k People a year
Advertising Agency: NA

7. Save Paper, Save Our Planet

Save Paper, Save our Planet
Advertising Agency: Saatchi & Saatchi, Denmark

8. With Every Turn of A Page, Deforestation Continues

With Every Turn of A Page, Deforestation continues
Advertising Agency: LINKSUS, China

9. World Wide Fund For Nature: Horrifying vs. More Horrifying

World Wide Fund For Nature Horrifying vs. More Horrifying
Advertising Agency: DDB&CO., Turkey

10. Fashion Claims More Victims than You Think

Fashion Claims More Victims than You
Advertising Agency: NA
Source: http://beebom.com/most-powerful-and-creative-environmental-ads/

Tuesday, January 03, 2017

Vídeocarta de un profesor a sus alumnos suspendidos

Pablo Poó Gallardo. Así se llama el profesor sevillano de Secundaria que ha dado una lección de vida a sus alumnos suspendidos vía Youtube. En menos de cinco minutos de grabación, Poó explica a sus estudiantes más rezagados el porqué es tan importante estudiar.
“No sabéis nada de la vida. La vida es una putada. La vida no te espera, no te comprende, no te hace recuperaciones. Vosotros ahora vivís muy bien. Vuestra única obligación es estudiar, y no la cumplís mucho”, explica el profesor.

Poó pone el acento en le hecho de que la vida que viven ahora mismo sus alumnos, en nada se parece a lo que se van a encontrar en un futuro. “Llegáis a casa y os pagan vuestra comida, vuestros padres os pagan la ropa y vuestros móviles, a los que rompéis la pantalla cada dos por tres. Os pagan hasta vuestros botellones, puta madre todo. Pero es que la vida no es esta burbuja en la que vosotros vivís durante los cuatro años de la ESO”.
Y pone el acento en que no es una cuestión de capacidades. “No es que no podáis, es que no queréis. Tenéis capacidad de sobras, lo sabéis, os lo digo todos los días. Vuestro problema no es de capacidad, sino de esfuerzo. Sois unos vagos, lo decimos en clase y hasta os reís, porque lo reconocéis. Pero cuando salgáis de aquí, la vida os va a poner en vuestro sitio a bofetadas. Y eso es lo que realmente os quiero ahorrar”.
La vida os va a poner en vuestro sitio a bofetadas. Y eso es lo que realmente os quiero ahorrar

Con su discurso, este profesor sevillano intenta abrirles lo ojos a sus alumnos. “Imagina cuando salgas de aquí. ¿Tú crees que si no tienes la nota media suficiente vas a entrar en el ciclo ese que quieres entrar? No vas a entrar, no le vas a dar pena absolutamente a nadie. Entonces qué, otra vez a casa a lamentarte, a comerte con patatas el título de la ESO
Su obsesión es que estén preparados para los que se les avecina. ’’Pero maestro, yo para qué quiero saber el romanticismo, a mí eso me da igual’. No tenéis referentes culturales, no entendéis los textos que leemos (…). Cuando vayas a firmar un contrato, a lo mejor estás poniendo tu firma sobre un sueldo de mierda, o sobre una jornada laboral que es eterna, y ni te has dado cuenta, y se aprovecharán de vosotros”, advierte.
Como tú no tienes idea de nada, no sabrás que otros han conseguido ya lo que tú pensabas que era imposible

Y prosigue: “No tenéis herramientas, no tenéis sentido crítico… ¿Tú no sabes que hace 200 años unos románticos intentaron romper con todo y mandar el sistema a tomar por saco? ¿Qué pasa? ¿Te vas a creer que hay cosas imposibles? ¿Que nunca se podrá ir en contra de lo establecido? Como tú no tienes idea de nada, no sabrás que otros han conseguido ya lo que tú pensabas que era imposible. Parece mentira, pero en las mentes abiertas es más difícil entrar. Una mente cerrada se conquista con mucha facilidad, sólo tiene una puerta”.
El conocimiento os hará libres. La libertad es fundamental en el día de hoy. Para que no escuchéis la tele y os creáis todos lo que os dicen desde un atril, desde un mitin, para que después vayas al bar y repitas lo que ellos quieren que repitas. Y bueno, con el paro y las chapucillas que vayas haciendo irás tirando. Pero es que hay una vida maravillosa mucho más allá de lo que vosotros os pensáis. Y sólo se va a ganar con esfuerzo. Y lo tenéis que empezar a demostrar desde ahora”, esgrime Poó.
Una mente cerrada se conquista con mucha facilidad, sólo tiene una puerta

Por todo ello, este maestro pide a sus alumnos que a partir de enero se dejen de “tonterías”. “Vamos a poner ganas porque algunos, los que quieren que seáis felices desde los doce hasta los 16 años les importáis sólo hasta que termináis la ESO. Y yo he firmado con vosotros un contrato de por vida”, concluye.
La Vanguardia, 29 de diciembre de 2016

Pablo Poó Gallardo es autor del libro La mala educación.