Sunday, October 22, 2017

Pronunciation of -s endings

PRONUNCIATION RULES OF THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS

1) After the sounds /f/, /k/, /p/, /s/, /sh/, /ch/ or /x/, the -ed syllable is pronounced /t/: look > looked (pronounced /lukt/); watch > watched; laugh > laughed; stop > stopped


2) After other consonants and vowel sounds, the –ed is pronounced /d/: live > lived; play > played; die > died; love > loved; clean > cleaned; marry > married


3) Verbs ending in the sound /t/ or /d/, add an extra syllable, pronounced /-id/: decide > decided; want > wanted; hate > hated; visit > visited; start > started


To practise these endings, watch the following lesson on YouTube.


Exercise: WHO DID WHAT? 

Do you want to know more about Pablo Picasso (P), Albert Einstein (E), Rudolf Nureyev (N) or Wolfgang Amedus Mozart (M)? Match each activity with one of these four celebrities, and write P, E, N, or M next to them. Example: He couldn't read until the age of 8.(E) Then, say which past tense is pronounced /-tid/, /-vd/, /-zd/, /-ld/, /-rd/, /-pt/ or /-st/. Finally, read each sentence aloud with the corresponding name for pronunciation practice: Einstein couldn't read until the age of 8.

1 He came from a Jewish family.

2 He painted the Guernica for the Spanish Republic.
He emigrated from Russia to Paris.
4 He escaped the Nazis and survived.
5 He criticised Franco’s dictatorship all his life.
6 You can find his face on some 50-cent coins.
7 He couldn’t read until the age of 8. (E)
8 He died of Aids.
He failed his Physics exam at school.
10 He died young and poor.
11 He invented cubism.
12 He was the best dancer of his time.
13 He composed a wonderful Requiem.
14 He discovered the relativity theory.
15 He died in exile.
16 He wrote music for several kings.
17 His paintings are sold for millions.
18 His mediocre competitor, Salieri, hated him.
19 He never danced at the Maestranza theatre.
20 He had the reputation of being a Latin lover.

ANSWER KEY:
1 Einstein came from a Jewish family.
2 Picasso painted the Guernica for the Spanish Republic.
3 Nureyev emigrated from Russia to Paris.
4 Einstein escaped the Nazis and survived.
5 Picasso criticised Franco’s dictatorship all his life.
6 You can find Mozart’s face on some 50-cent coins.
7 Einstein couldn’t read until the age of 8.
8 Nureyev died of Aids.
9 Einstein failed his Physics exam at school.
10 Mozart died young and poor.
11 Picasso invented cubism.
12 Nureyev was the best dancer of his time.
13 Mozart composed a wonderful Requiem.
14 Einstein discovered the relativity theory.
15 Picasso died in exile.
16 Mozart wrote music for several kings.
17 Picasso’s paintings are sold for millions.
18 Mozart
s mediocre competitor, Salieri, hated him.
19 Nureyev never danced at the Maestranza theatre.
20 Picasso had the reputation of being a Latin lover.

No comments: